Adaptive Horsemanship


Therapeutic riding now called Adaptive riding has been practiced around the world for many years. Initially it was used to help people recover from physical trauma-induced injuries. Later it was expanded to include people with other physical disabilities, and has been more recently extended for use with a variety of mental, emotional, and addiction maladies. PATH International or the Professional Association of Therapeutic Horsemanship International describes therapeutic riding as “using equine-assisted activities for the purpose of contributing positively to cognitive, physical, emotional, and social well being of people with disabilities. Because horseback riding rhythmically moves the rider’s body in a manner similar to a human gait, riders with physical disabilities often show improvement in flexibility, balance, and muscle strength.” The PATH international website is

The program at K.I.S.S./Hope 4 Horses is taught by Kris Lawson, a PATH-certified riding instructor with more than 30 years of experience as a classroom teacher. According to Lawson, in addition to the benefits listed above, adaptive horsemanship can help with improving posture and balance as well as both gross and fine motor skills. Students of varying abilities can increase self-confidence, learn problem-solving skills, and improve focus and the ability to stay on task. Responsibility, safety, self-awareness, respect, and empathy for others are also learned through supervised tasks including grooming, saddling and caring for the horses.

  • All training is based on the individual needs of the student.Marcello
  • The content and lesson duration is flexible.
  • Four experienced lesson horses are available.
  • Students can move toward independent and advanced classical riding and even potential horse leasing or ownership with Anita Markiewicz who owns K.I.S.S. Horse Center and has 35 years as a riding instructor.
  • Contact us for the cost of lessons per 30-minute session.

This horsemanship program is recreational, and does not provide physical, psychological or medical therapy.

Please contact Kris at or (916) 591-8706 for more information.


To print the application and medical clearance forms click here.



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